Ultimate Skin Guide
“Exfoliation is the key to hydration”
Healthy “Summer Skin”
It should come as no surprise that the best approach to “Summer Skin Care” is paying great attention to the amount of sun you are exposed to and protecting your skin with sunscreen at all times. Even on those cloudy days!
You will be happy to know that there have been great improvements to chemical sunscreens, including formulas that have a more elegant feel and texture. Sunscreens are now more like “skin treatment products” that offer benefits such as antioxidant therapy along with SPF protection.
How SPF’s work
Sunscreens work by absorbing damaging ultraviolet rays (chemical sunscreens) or by reflecting and scattering ultraviolet rays (physical sunscreens). Physical sunscreens (such as Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide) are growing in popularity as we grow more concerned about applying irritating chemicals on our skin.
It is important to understand that even though you may be using a sunscreen, some UVB rays will still penetrate through skin. For example, an SPF 2 product protects your skin from 50% of the UVB rays, so you can stay in the sun twice as long as you would be able to without protection. As SPF 8 blocks 87.5% of the rays, leaving 12.5% to penetrate and burn your skin. An SPF 15 blocks 93.33% of UVB and some UVA rays. and finally, an SPF 30 blocks 96.6% of UVB and some UVA rays.
While it may seem that a product with an SPF 50 or higher would offer a full percentage rate of protection from UV rays, it is mostly comprised of an increased level of chemicals, which can cause a higher rate of irritation to the skin.
Proper Application for Maximum Coverage
In order to achieve extra sun protection (going from SPF 15 to SPF 30) the concentration of sunscreen ingredient in the product has to be doubled. This, in turn, increases the potential for skin irritation and sensitivity from the active ingredients in chemical sunscreens. If you have sunscreen sensitivity, we recommend non-chemical sunscreens formulated with Titanium Dioxide or Zinc Oxide when using an SPF higher than 15.
Most importantly, when you use a sunscreen, make sure you apply an adequate amount to ensure you are getting the desired SPF. The following are standards for proper application of sunscreen:
- Apply sunscreen 20 minutes before you go outside. This allows time for it to penetrate or bind to the skin.
- Use the recommended amount of sunscreen in order for it to be effective against sun burn. Studies show that most people under apply sunscreen – only using 20% to 50% of the recommended amount. To achieve effective sun protection, an adult should use approximately 1 oz of sunscreen to cover the entire body every 2 hours. Cover all exposed areas liberally. Pay special attention to ears, nose, feet, hands, bald spots, back of neck, arms and legs.
- Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours until sunset – even if the label promises “all- day” protection. It should be reapplied after swimming or sweating, and it should be reapplied if it has been rubbed off.
- Always check the label for an expiration date. Sunscreen ingredients lose their effectiveness over time, and expired sunscreen must be replaced. So do not use sunscreen that was left over from last summer. Throw it away and get a new bottle.
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Healthy “Winter Skin”
Are you really ready for winter? During the winter months, you may have to change your skin routine to accommodate the dry, cold climate. Here are some tips to help you look your best during the cold season.
Tip 1: Hydrate
Prevent winter dryness by using moisturizing creams frequently. Use moisturizer on your face and body within minutes after a shower or bath to trap the water in the skin. Look for ingredients such as “shea butter”, “evening primrose oil”, and “hyaluronic acid” in your moisturizers to get the best hydration possible.
- Dermalogica Skin Hydrating Booster
- Dermalogica Super Rich Repair
Tip 2: Exfoliate
Exfoliation is key to hydration. Dead skin build up can block moisturizers from penetrating the skin’s surface, making it impossible for you to achieve hydration. Exfoliate regularly with a gentle exfoliant to slough off dead cells. Look for ingredients such as papain (natural enzymes) or lactic acid (alpha hydroxy acid). These help to dissolve dead skin cells, thus improving hydration in the skin.
- Dermalogica Daily Microfoliant
- Dermalogica Skin Renewal Booster
Tip 3: Protect
In the winter your skin needs a “layering” technique when applying product. Just as you would layer on clothing to keep your body warm, layering serums, moisturizers, and protective barrier creams, is the key to keeping your skin protected during the winter. One of the products you cannot forget in the winter is sunblock. The UV rays are still present and able to put your skin at risk for sun damage, therefore, a layer of SPF (minimum SPF15 for regular use, and SPF 30 for outdoor use) should be applied to the face, hands and other exposed areas of the body. Look for ingredients such as organic silicone for protective barrier, and titanium dioxide for SPF protection.
- Dermalogica Barrier Repair
- Dermalogica Extra Rich Sun Block
Not sure what products suit your skin type? Drop in and have a seat at the Thermae Skin Bar so you can try products on your skin. Our skin therapists will be able to point out which products contain the ingredients you are looking for.
Tip 4: Professional Skin Treatment
A professional treatment for hydration and exfoliation, or one to calm sensitized skin conditions, is recommended every 4 – 6 weeks to keep skin healthy and strong. Thermae skin treatments such as microdermabrasion or the 20 – Minute Flash Exfoliation, can improve hydration, leaving your skin soft, healthy, and glowing.
Recommended skin treatments:
- 20-Minute “Timeless in Twenty” Flash Exfoliation
- Thermae Signature Skin Renewal Treatment